Arlington National Cemetery(ANC) in Arlington County, Virginia is a military cemetery in the USA, established during the American Civil War on the grounds of Arlington House, formerly the estate of the family of Confederate general Robert E. Lee's wife Mary Anna (Custis) Lee, a descendant of Martha Washington. The cemetery is situated directly across the Potomac River from the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C. and near The Pentagon. It is served by the Arlington Cemetery station on the Blue Line of the Washington Metro system.
In an area of 624 acres (2.53 km2), veterans and military casualties from each of the nation's wars are interred in the cemetery, ranging from the American Civil War through to the military actions in Afghanistan and Iraq. Pre-Civil War dead were reinterred after 1900.
ANC and US Soldiers' and Airmen's Home National Cemetery are administered by the Department of the Army. The other National Cemeteries are administered by the Department of Veterans Affairs or by the National Park Service. Arlington House (Custis-Lee Mansion) and its grounds are administered by the National Park Service as a memorial to Lee.
* Arlington Mansion and 200 acres of ground immediately surrounding it were designated officially as a military cemetery June 15, 1864...
* The Memorial Amphitheater was dedicated on May 15, 1920. While many ceremonies are conducted throughout the country...
* The Tomb of the Unknowns is also known as the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier, and has never been officially named...
* Monuments and Memorials - While every government-issue headstone is its own monument and its own memorial, this Cemetery has points of special interest for the visitor, from the Eternal Flame of the Kennedy grave and the mast of the USS Maine to a cairn to victims of the Lockerbie, Scotland, ....
* The main entrance, also known as the Memorial Gate, was recently modified to house the Women in Military Service for America Memorial. The Visitors Center is located here and is a resource for maps and guidebooks.
* Guided tours are available for $ or visitors can walk the grounds on their own. Allow several hours to explore the grounds. Driving into the cemetery is only allowed for handicapped visitors and those attending a burial or visiting a private gravesite.
* More than 330,000 American servicemen as well as many famous Americans are buried. Among the notable Americans buried here are Presidents William Howard Taft and John F. Kennedy, Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis, and Robert Kennedy.
* Special memorial services are held in the Amphitheater on Easter, Memorial Day and Veterans Day and are sponsored by the U.S. Army Military District of Washington. Many military organizations conduct other annual memorial services throughout the year.
* The Tomb of the Unknowns stands on a hill overlooking Washington, DC. The tomb contains the remains of soldiers from WWI, WWII, Korea and Vietnam. The tomb is guarded 24 hours a day and each hour (each 1/2hr in summer) there is a changing of the guard ceremony with a special march and salute.
* Sections - ANC is divided into 70 sections. Section 60 is the burial ground for military personnel killed in the Iraq War and the War in Afghanistan. Section 21 is known as the Nurses Section. There is a Confederate section and a Confederate Memorial. In Section 27, there are buried more than 3,800 former slaves, called "Contrabands" during the Civil War.
* Near the Tomb of the Unknowns stands a memorial to the 266 men who lost their lives aboard the USS Maine.
* Cenotaph memorial honoring the crew of the Space Shuttle Challenger.
* Eternal flame and marker at the grave of John F. Kennedy, 35th president of the US.
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